Archive for December, 2018

$900,000 for What?

Friday, December 14th, 2018

Here we go again. High Performance Sport New Zealand (HPSNZ) has announced the 2019 government handouts to New Zealand sport. Swimming’s beneficiary cheque is $900,000; the same as it was in 2018.

What did we get from giving the Father, Son and Holy Ghost, otherwise known as Cotterill, Johns and Francis, almost a million dollars in 2018? One Commonwealth Games bronze medal is the answer. 2018 was a very busy year. A Commonwealth Games, a Pan Pacific Championships and a World SC Championships were packed into the twelve months. Swimming New Zealand (SNZ) sent teams to all three. The return of one bronze medal was pathetic.

Next week in London 30 of the world’s best swimmers, including 15 Olympic champions and twice as many World champions will gather in London to hear how their future could look and why they need a Professional Swimmers’ Association. They will discuss a fairer means of distributing the money earned by the sport. There is nothing fair about what happens now. Cotterill, Johns and Francis are dinosaurs whose days are fortunately numbered. Not before time, the world of swimming is changing. New Zealand will probably resist reform to the end. You would expect no less from dinosaurs.

We need to remember that the money paid to SNZ is our money. We are taxpayers paying to keep SNZ afloat. We have a right to ask; are SNZ spending our money properly? Are we getting the return we should? Are swimmers benefitting from the cash or is it being lost paying for an expensive bureaucracy?

As many will understand, I have my views on the merits of our investment. The whole thing is a draconian waste. All we are doing is paying to keep a bunch of overpaid Antares Place bureaucrats alive. They are neither useful nor ornamental. They cost a fortune and contribute nothing. I’d just as soon see the $900,000 taken into Sky City and gambled on one spin of a roulette wheel than wasted the way it is. Consider this, how in any way are the members of your club going to benefit from our million dollar cheque.

If any member gets good enough to swim for New Zealand Cotterill, Johns and Francis will make him or her pay from their own pocket to travel to the meet. The $900,000 will be used exclusively to pay for Johns and Francis to sit back in comfort free of any personal cost. Will Johns or Francis provide assistance with your club’s lane fees or coaching wages? No. They have spent millions on lane fees and coaching costs on the North Shore of Auckland while the rest of New Zealand starves. Don’t expect to see a cent in Whangarei, Gisborne, New Plymouth, Nelson, Timaru or Invercargill.

Someone is to blame for the 2018 “one bronze medal” plight of swimming in New Zealand. We know it is not the swimmers or the coaches or the local officials. For years that group has been criticised and blamed by the likes of Cotterill, Johns and Francis. Those guys would say anything to shift the blame. But six years ago the CEO of Sport New Zealand, Peter Miskimmin, engineered a coup d’état in SNZ. The change centralised power into Miskimmin’s office in Wellington and the Cotterill, Johns and Francis lair in Antares Place. With that power came great responsibility. SNZ was awarded a million dollars a year and had the power to do whatever it wanted with the cash.

But the downside is, when you have all the power, when you have all the money, the buck stops with you. Responsibility for the performance of SNZ lies at the door of Miskimmin, Cotterill, Johns and Francis. For six years and at a cost of $6,000,000 they, or others like them, have ruled the sport of swimming. In that time things have got worse and worse, until in 2018 New Zealand travelled to three international meets and came home with one bronze medal. In 2012 the bureaucrats demanded power. In the six years since then they have brought the sport to its knees.

And yet unbelievably the government has decided to give SNZ another $900,000 to waste. The problem is, it is worse than waste. What Cotterill, Johns and Francis do actually causes harm. The problems get worse. When on God’s good earth is the penny going to drop? Giving SNZ money is not working. Don’t take my word for it. Look at the results of the last six years and $6,000,000 they have cost. Why would HPSNZ back that record with another million dollars? Or are they as stupid as SNZ?

We have said this before, but the best thing HPSNZ could do for swimming is to close their cheque book and hand over no money at all. Cotterill, Johns and Francis would either have to become big boys and stand on their own feet or they would leave to sponge off some other gullible sport. Either way swimming would be better off. And face it, whether SNZ get $900,000 or nothing is going to make no difference to what happens to your club in Te Awamutu or Stratford or Blenheim or Queenstown. My guess is that freed from the bureaucratic controls of Antares Place most clubs would find the rush of fresh air liberating.

I’m serious. If the Regions of SNZ want to do what’s best for SNZ they would call a Special General Meeting and order Cotterill to give back the $900,000. The money has not been earned. It is not being placed in responsible hands. Until most of the money is paid to the people who earned it, the swimmers, it would be better spent paying teachers, nurses, doctors and police. They certainly deserve it more.

So What About Both?

Thursday, December 13th, 2018

One of the swimmers I help loves to ask questions. Her name is Alex and she is a triathlete. She has read my three books on swimming. Unfortunately in her case these appear to have raised more questions than they have answered. For an author who wrote the books intending to provide answers you can imagine my concern. Did Alex’s unsatisfied curiosity mean 100,000 words had been written in vain?

Today, for example, Alex asked whether, in a freestyle sprint, big kicks were more important that fast kicks or the other way around. Should a swimmer focus on improving the size of their kick and then move on to the kick tempo, or should it be the other way around?  I hate to think how many times I have been asked these “either/or” questions. Just about every swimming rule can be turned into an “either/or” question. Are big arm strokes more important than turnover? Is high intensity interval training more important than distance conditioning? Is technique more important than speed? In the gym, is form more important than the weight lifted? For a curious mind, like Alex, the range of “either/ors” knows no limit.

The reality is the answer to “either/or” is almost always “both”. When I was coaching Toni Jeffs she would frequently get frustrated at my call for bigger strokes at a faster rhythm. I could understand her annoyance. She already had one of the biggest stokes in New Zealand and at 0.90 there was not much to complain about with her turnover.

Occasionally she would grumble, “What do you want – bigger strokes or faster arms?”

Cautiously I would explain, “The answer is both. One stroke less at 0.85 is where you need to be.” Interestingly when she won a bronze medal at what were then the World SC Finals (wouldn’t Gary Francis love one of those this week) Toni swam the first 25 meters of her 50 meter race one stroke less in 0.85. It was a terrific swim that reflected the ability of a very good swimmer to combine size and turnover; in other words both.

Probably the most widely debated “either/or” question is the dispute between supporters of high intensity interval training and long distance conditioning. Now this really is a dumb exercise in academic futility. Dave Salo is the high priest of high intensity believers. The first chapter of his first book centres on tearing apart the benefits of distance conditioning. For example he says:

I found myself asking, “How does swimming slow for thousands and thousands of yards make them fast for a couple hundred?”  Finally I had to pose the question, “As a coach, shouldn’t my goal be to see how little I have to train for peak performance?”

But I’ve known two high priests of distance conditioning – Arch Jelley and Arthur Lydiard. Never have I heard either of them say that the only way to prepare for a running race is to exclusively run around the Waitakere Ranges every day. Sure there is a time and place for twenty mile runs but that needs to be balanced by a time and place for race preparation speed training. In fact I’ve heard both coaches use expressions like “a balanced program” and if pushed to select one, most important, type of training would come down in favour of race preparation speed training.

The reality of these “distance conditioning” master coaches is a balanced program of distance, anaerobic and speed preparation dispensed as a 40% distance, 20% anaerobic and 40% speed training diet. Do you know what those ratios mean? They mean the answer to the high intensity or distance conditioning debate is “both”.

And, of course that makes sense. Each type of training provides the swimmer with unique skills not provided by the other types of training. By doing both the swimmer arrives at his or her competition with a package of skills not available to swimmers who have only done sprints or have only done a never ending program of 100 kilometres a week of 3000 meter swims.

Sadly sprint coaches and swimmers who prefer a Salo diet often distort the balance of “both”. When I arrived in Saudi Arabia Hayley Palmer was coaching Eyad. She let him know, in very graphic terms, that all he should expect from my coaching was a relentless diet of over-distance slow swims. That, of course, simply wasn’t true. The 40/20/40 mix of “both” meant there was a liberal dose of 8×25 fast swim and 8×25 fast kick sets. Sure there were also a few long swims. Eyad’s training this morning was 1000 warm-up followed by 2×3000 timed swims; a Waitakere Ranges session. But to say that’s all Eyad, Rhi, Toni, Skuba or Jane ever did is simply not true. Their programs were very much “both”. Palmer should have known that before distorting the truth.

So there you have it. Good training and good technique is so often about balance. Balance that is needed because winning big races requires fine speed and deep reserves of fitness and strength. The training that provides each of these qualities is different. Salo is right you can’t develop speed by swimming 2×3000. But you can’t train good fitness by swimming 25 sprints all day. You need “both”. That’s why both is the answer and is so often is the case.

I do hope this explanation has not raised another ten questions in the Alex brain. If it has the answers will usually be “both”.

Swimming New Zealand Monopoly

Tuesday, December 11th, 2018

Swimming New Zealand is operating illegally. Like a pair of mob bosses, Cotterill and Johns show scant regard for the law. Their personal power and position comes first, last and always. But the time has come for them to be called to account. The Swimming New Zealand (SNZ) mafia has had it too good for far too long. I imagine the reaction of some readers will be to wonder, what have I been smoking? Surely a fine national sporting body like SNZ would not operate outside the law. But it does and here is how it works.

Section Three of the SNZ Constitution deals with the status of the organization. Paragraph 3.1(d) says:

SNZ is bound by, and must observe the rules and decisions of FINA;

That seems pretty clear. The world governing body of swimming, FINA, has a set of rules. They insist regional associations like SNZ accept and comply with those rules. In its constitution SNZ has agreed to be bound by and observe FINA’s rules. But here is where all that comes unstuck. You see included in FINA’s rules are the following restrictions:.

“GR 4.1 No affiliated Member shall have any kind of relationship with a non-affiliated or suspended body.

GR 4.2 The exchange of competitors, administrators, directors, judges, officials, trainers, coaches, etc., with non-affiliated or suspended bodies is not permissible.

GR 4.3 The holding of demonstrations and/or exhibitions, clinics, training, competitions, etc., with non-affiliated or suspended bodies is not permissible.

GR 4.5 Any individual or group violating this Rule shall be suspended by the affiliated Member for a minimum period of one year, up to a maximum period of two years. FINA retains the right to review the suspension made by the affiliated Member and to increase it up to the maximum of two years in accordance with the circumstances involved. The affiliated Member shall abide by any such increase made on review. In the event that such individual or group has resigned its membership with the affiliated Member or is not a Member, it shall not be allowed to affiliate with that Member for a minimum period of three months up to a maximum period of two years. FINA retains the right to review any such sanction imposed by the affiliated Member and to increase it up to the maximum of two years in accordance with the circumstances involved. The affiliated Member shall abide by any such increase made on review.

GR 4.6 Each Member that conducts a competition shall strictly enforce the FINA

Rules governing eligibility.”

Therein lies the problem. SNZ is bound by and accepts these six FINA rules. In fact I’m prepared to bet a dollar that Johns and Cotterill believe that the conditions imposed by the FINA GR4 rules are exactly what SNZ needs to secure its paramount position in the swimming market place. I can’t see either of these mafia dons having the slightest problem with SNZ’s absolute authority over New Zealand competitions, affiliations, contacts and punishments. The arrogance of power precludes them from accepting anyone wanting to offer an alternative product – even when the alternative is clearly superior.

The problem is that Johns and Cotterill’s position and the SNZ rules are against New Zealand law. What Johns and Cotterill support is a monopoly. Clear restrictions are in place designed to lessen competition in the swimming market place. And that’s illegal. Here is how what Johns and Cotterill do is described in the New Zealand Commerce Act 1986.

Part 2 Restrictive trade practices

Practices substantially lessening competition

27 Contracts, arrangements, or understandings substantially lessening competition prohibited

No person shall enter into a contract or arrangement, or arrive at an understanding, containing a provision that has the purpose, or has or is likely to have the effect, of substantially lessening competition in a market.

28 Covenants substantially lessening competition prohibited

No person, either on his own or on behalf of an associated person, shall carry out or enforce the terms of a covenant that has the purpose, or has or is likely to have the effect, of substantially lessening competition in a market.

So there you have it. The FINA rule, accepted and endorsed by SNZ, Is in clear breach of Section 27 and 28 of the NZ Commerce Act 1986. Monopolies are not allowed. Not only that, the insistence by SNZ that all members wanting to join SNZ must sign a form agreeing to be bound by SNZ’s illegal laws is also an illegal act. The coercion used by Cotterill and Johns that requires us all to sign membership forms that contain these illegal provisions makes every membership null and void. Cotterill and Johns cannot force us to act illegally. By requiring each of us to sign a form accepting their antitrust rules we have all been forced to act illegally.

It will certainly be worth challenging all this in Court. Once the current misbehaviour of SNZ relating to the report on my coaching is sorted out by the Privacy Commissioner, challenging the monopoly position of SNZ in Court is the next item of business. It will be an important case. Around the world swimmers are working to secure the freedom to pursue their sport wherever they want. New Zealand swimmers should not be denied the same freedom – no matter what FINA and SNZ write in their rules. The right of good swimmers to earn a living from their occupation cannot be restricted by two Antares Place bureaucrats.

Anna Williams

Monday, December 10th, 2018

Last week I watched a documentary on the work of Anna Williams. In her Wellington studio Anna repairs Persian rugs. As you can imagine it is a specialist occupation. But the program was doubly interesting because I know Anna. We were at university together. I knew many of Anna’s high school friends. There was Jenny whose family owned a farm outside Raetihi. Her Dad was best known for shipping wool bales down the Wanganui River on a jet boat. I’ve been on the jet boat; sparse and powerful would be its best description. Then there was Jude. She was the daughter of a Gisborne farming family. Alison and I went to her wedding in Gisborne and enjoyed every minute. And there was Rosemary whose father was a local Gisborne doctor. I saw him three times; once for help with some bad sunburn, once to sew up my knee after a crash off my bike and once to check my health before the Hawke’s Bay Poverty Bay Open Water Championships. I ended up second in the race behind Allan Christie the New Zealand open water champion. Anna was also the daughter of an East Coast farming family. In fact the William’s family was East Coast aristocracy with a kind and caring sense of community. But more of that later.

Besides knowing the subject of the documentary the feature I enjoyed most was Anna’s trip to Iran to renew her contact with Persian rug weavers, distributors and repairers. This is how Anna described her trip.

As I neared the end of a 15-year stretch as a rug repairer, I was desperate to go back to Iran. I badly needed to stock up on yarns and tools and I wanted to find some colleagues.When I arrived in Tehran last November I stayed with Ali, who is part of a second-generation family rug export business. He has a large complex on the outskirts of Tehran, where old and new rugs are washed, then stretched and repaired.He employs about 15 repairers, all of whom sit on a concrete floor in a large shed, surrounded by dishevelled piles of rugs. At this factory there are only men, who welcomed this middle aged woman with smiles and handshakes, and gave me the first cups of tea in the best cups they could find.

I visited the Carpet Museum in Tehran and I admit I got teary-eyed as I looked at these dazzling rugs and wondered about the people who made them.

I was unsure of how to get around Iran on my own, so I employed a travel agency in Shiraz. I travelled on local transport with male guides. It was a brilliant time to be in Iran because there were few tourists. I always deviated from any prescribed tour itinerary to spend time in the bazaars on my own, searching for tools, wools and cottons.

Then I would bully the guide into finding the rug dealers, who had repairers on site or restorers who were working away in attic rooms in the bazaars.

In Yazd my guide found another guide to take me to a desert village to see rugs being woven. There I spent time with a woman who had an enormous vertical carpet loom in her dirt-floored home. I wove two knots into her carpet of many millions of hand knots.

As I was saying goodbye to two of my guides, they admitted they had learnt much about rugs from me because they had never travelled before with such a rug obsessive. Their flexibility and responsiveness to my needs meant I learnt even more about rug restoration, which has eased my professional isolation.

For a political junkie like me I am forever hearing Donald Trump, Mike Pompeo and John Bolton describe Iran in derogatory terms. It is all about Isis, espionage, sanctions and nuclear missiles. What a relief then to watch Anna’s journey meeting good people doing wonderful work, providing the world with unique and beautifully designed rugs. Good people doing good things is not a side of Iran often heard in the west. Without saying as much Anna’s program provided much needed political balance – and I suspect she knew exactly that was the message being sent.

But there is a swimming side to this story. You see in the very early 1970s our club trained in Gisborne’s McCrae Baths. It was open-air, unheated, and old. So old that water from the estuary outside flowed into the pool through a crack in the bottom during high-tide. I know that’s true because for a summer university holiday I had the job of Pool Manager.

Our coach, Mrs Beth Meade, had accepted the task of raising money to build a new pool close to Midway Beach. It was not an easy task. Raffles brought in a few hundred dollars. Cake stands at swimming competitions earned a little bit more. Sausage sizzles on the beach every Saturday were good but were not going to see a new 50 meter pool any time soon.

Then one evening Beth got a call from Mr. Williams’ lawyer. Would Beth come to his office? Mr Williams, Beth was told, would like to make a donation to the pool building fund. I went with Beth to the lawyer’s office. We were excited at the prospect of a healthy donation. Possibly as much as a thousand dollars was our best guess.

We arrived and Mr. Williams said, “I’ve heard about your fundraising and would like to help. We were wondering if a hundred would be of assistance.”

I could tell Beth was disappointed. She covered it up well and thanked Williams for his donation. Clearly the lawyer detected her reservation and said, “I don’t think you understand what Mr Williams meant was one hundred thousand dollars.”

And that’s how the current Olympic Pool in Gisborne was built. It is a lovely facility; possibly the best indoor /outdoor pool in the country. Beside the beach it looks out across Poverty Bay towards Cape Kidnappers. I love going to swim meets in the pool Anna’s family built. I don’t know whether the Mr Williams involved was her father, grandfather, uncle or a distant relative, but whatever the connection the generosity of the family was outstanding. A quality that it seems, from the Iran documentary, Anna has carried on to today.

I know that if you have a Persian rug that needs some care and attention, Anna will give it the same care and attention her family showed to the Gisborne/Poverty Bay community.  She is in Wellington: or


Swimming New Zealand’s 2018

Saturday, December 8th, 2018

And so the 2018 year of Cotterill, Johns and Francis is coming to an end. The first two acts involved the Gold Coast Commonwealth Games and the Pan Pacific Games. Act three, the World Short Course Championship, is about to begin. I have no doubt Cotterill and Johns will write a glowing report in their 2018 Annual Report. Their reports always distort the truth; best filed in the Auckland City Library as works of fiction

How has their competitive year actually gone? Is this what they are going to write? Or will their report require our further willing suspension of disbelief?

The year began with the Gold Coast Commonwealth Games.

Steve Johns, the CEO of Swimming New Zealand, was confident. He said that, “the 2018 Commonwealth Games will be a successful campaign.” “Swimming NZ is delighted with the team that has been announced. We are confident in the swimmers who have been selected and know that they are up for the challenge.”

New Zealand’s performance in the six days of competition (excluding Paralympic swimmers) is summarized in the table below.

Day Swims Gold Silver Bronze Finals PBs PB %
Total 65 0 0 1 11 18 27%

The result does not make good reading; one bronze medal and a 27% PB ratio. The most lowly club team in the country would expect better than a 27% PB ratio. Any coach delivering that result regularly could expect to be out of a job. For an international team at a Commonwealth Games it is an appalling statistic. Not winning can depend on all sorts of outside factors. But a 73% failure to meet personal bests is an internal team problem. Johns and Cotterill have delivered a catastrophic result. And it is down to them. In my view they played ducks and drakes with the selection of the team, they picked a terrible support crew, they screwed up the pre-Games camp, they approved an appalling pre-Games competition schedule and they persisted in a flawed training program. Their deficient decision making has been cruelly exposed and punished. Now it is time for them to take responsibility. It is time for justice.

Set out below is a table that shows how bad the 2018 Commonwealth Games swim team was. The table ranks each Games in order of success.

Rank Games Gold Silver Bronze Total Medals
1 Edinburgh 1986 2 3 1 6
2 Auckland 1990 2 2 3 7
3 Edmonton 1978 2 2 2 6
4 Christchurch 1974 2 1 4 7
5 Victoria 1994 1 5 2 8
6= Auckland 1950 1 2 3 6
6= Kingston 1966 1 2 3 6
8 Vancouver 1954 1 2 1 4
9 Melbourne 2006 1 1 4 6
10 Glasgow 2014 1 1 0 2
11 Delhi 2010 0 3 2 5
12 Hamilton 1930 0 2 0 2
13 Perth 1962 0 1 2 3
14= Hamilton 1958 0 1 1 2
14= Manchester 2002 0 1 1 2
16 Kuala Lumper 1998 0 0 2 2
17= Sydney 1938 0 0 1 1
17= London 1934 0 0 1 1
17= Brisbane 1982 0 0 1 1
17= Edinburgh 1970 0 0 1 1
17= Gold Coast 2018 0 0 1 1

You can see that Edinburgh in 1986 was New Zealand’s most successful result. That team won 2 gold, 3 silver and 1 bronze medal. From that high the results gradually get worse until at the bottom there are five Games where the teams won only one bronze medal. Included in that trailing group is the Gold Coast 2018 team. But there is a major difference between the disaster of 2018 and the other teams that only won one bronze medal. The difference is money. In 1934, 1938, 1970 and 1982 there was none of the millions of dollars, none of the SUVs, none of the flash offices and corporate plans that have gone into the 2018 fiasco. At a cost of $14millon Clareburt’s Bronze Medal is the most expensive medal in history.

When a disaster of this magnitude occurs it is necessary for those responsible to accept the blame and act with honour. It is time for Johns and Cotterill to accept that the buck stops with them – not with the regions, not the coaches, not the swimmers, not the clubs, but with them. The 2012 Constitution gave them great power. That power carries with it great responsibility. When the activity they manage does worse than ever before it is time for them to resign. They were told a thousand times that their policies would have this result. They were given an alternative plan. They ignored all that and their failure has been total.

According to Steve Johns the link between money and medals is simple; win more medals, get more money. It appears that winning medals is not so simple; not for Steve Johns anyway. This team returned empty handed. As I have often said that is not the fault of the three swimmers. This barren performance was a long time in the making. Swimming New Zealand (SNZ) was told over and over again that this would be the result of the policies it followed; of money it wasted. SNZ ignored our counsel and in 2018 the result is in plain view.

But before looking at the results, SNZ must be ashamed at a team of just three pool swimmers. Four years ago New Zealand sent a team of eight pool swimmers. That’s a 300% drop in team size. SNZ has won the double; it has lost quality and quantity.

In the 2018 Commonwealth Games and Pan Pacific Championships combined, New Zealand swimmers won one Bronze medal. Well done Cotterill. Well done the SNZ Board. Well done Steve Johns. I do hope you are proud of bringing a fine sport to its knees.

I thought it might be interesting to compare how the New Zealand 2014 Pan Pacific Games team performed in comparison to the 2018 team. The table below shows how far down SNZ has brought us in four years.

Pan Pacs B Final Final Gold Silver Bronze Av. Place
2014 7 10 0 2 2 8.6
2018 3 5 0 0 0 10.3

Four years ago New Zealand swimmers competed in 10 finals and 7 “B” finals. This year the team managed 5 finals and 3 “B” finals. Four years ago New Zealand swimmers won 2 Silver medals and 2 Bronze medals. This year there were no medals of any sort. Four years ago the average place of a New Zealand swimmer was 9th place. Four years later that has slipped to an average of 11th. Take a bow SNZ. That sure looks like a great result for four years work.

Probably the most positive quality of New Zealand’s performance was the percentage of PBs. From 16 swims the team recorded 5 personal best swims; a not spectacular, but better than normal 31%.

It is probably worth remembering that in four years from 2014 to 2018, the SNZ Board was given in excess of $4,000,000 by the New Zealand tax payer. That’s you and me. We gave the Board and the CEO, Johns, $4,000,000. We were entitled to expect them to spend it wisely. We were entitled to expect a return on our investment. Instead they delivered no Pan Pacific medals compared to four medals last time. There is not a commercial company in New Zealand that would tolerate that performance. The shareholders of a properly run company would demand accountability. Resignations would be expected from any Board that delivered SNZ’s 2018 results.

But this lot have no honour. They will trot next door asking High Performance Sport New Zealand (HPSNZ) for their 2019 beneficiary handout as though this year’s performance was all part of a well-designed master plan. Cotterill will write an Annual Report that will tell us about another group of juniors about to stun the swimming world; and sadly he will get away with the lie. If HPSNZ was really doing what is best for swimming they would turn Cotterill and Johns away without a cent – nothing at all. HPSNZ must see that the $4,000,000 they have spent has been wasted. There is an old expression that says, why pour good money after bad? Why indeed?

For the final act three of 2018 SNZ have selected a team of eighteen swimmers. How does that work? From only three swimmers being good enough to qualify for the Pan Pacific Games, Johns and Francis have found eighteen that merit selection to a World Championship. Shouldn’t it be the other way around especially when two of the three swimmers who went to the Pan Pacific meet are not even on the World’s team?  I guess logic is not a SNZ strongpoint.

So how will the team perform at the World SC Championship? My guess is it will not compare with the Majorca championships where every NZ team member returned with a medal. After Cotterill, Johns and Francis have done their best, my guess is no medals, no finals and a 30% PB ratio. We will soon see.